The adaptation of the Latin alphabet by the Turkish language in the beginning of the 20th century was an element of a true cultural revolution that allowed for the creation of a new state in the ruins of the Ottoman Empire – the Republic of Turkey. But what is the purpose of the language reform in Kazakhstan?
Dictatorship of Portugal was built by an economic professor who didn’t like politics and politicians, preferring solitude and was destroyed by the military who didn’t like violation of their rights. Ideology of the new regime of the country however, was proposed by communists who, nonetheless ended up in political “retirement” pretty soon.
Spanish history of transfer from fascist dictatorship to modern political system, astounds with its swiftness and bloodless nature. Transformation happened not as a result of revolution (military coup) but on the basis of liberal-democratic consensus. And moreover, the decision of liquidating the dictatorship was made most likely by its creator – generalissimos Franco.
The crisis is no longer a threat to Russia, so its neighbors should not count on this scenario. Instead, they must fight for a better quality of life in their own home. As the authors of the “Russia’s Stability Limits” report will have you believe, those who follow this strategy, eventually, are going to win.
This fall, Kashagan may update its obligations on the oil production drop due to the planned production increase at the Kashagan deposit. This announcement was made by Kazakhstan’s Ministry of Energy Kanat Bozumbayev. He chose to do so not at the OPEC meeting in Vienna but at home – on the Astana TV-channel.
Exactly ten years have passed since the strike of the world financial crisis. The countries that played the most important role in it managed to avoid turning the financial markets collapse into a full-blown economic depression. Still, few people understand the price.